The Birth of Random-Access Memory

The Birth of Random-Access Memory

Whether you’re streaming a movie on Netflix, playing a video game, or just looking at digital photos, your computer is regularly dipping into its memory for instructions. Without random-access memory, a computer today can’t even boot up.Over the years, memory has been made up of vacuum tubes, glass tubes filled with mercury and, most recently, semiconductors.But the first computers didn’t have any reprogrammable memory at all. Until the late 1940s, every time a machine needed to change tasks, it had…

How automated calibration can help service companies be more competitive

Service companies that perform calibrations for the process industries operate in a challenging environment. Not only is there a lot of competition, but contracts for customers are based on estimates, meaning that every additional hour of work directly affects the bottom line. Finding and retaining skilled calibration technicians is also a challenge. So, what can service companies do to make their quotations more accurate and ensure work is carried out as consistently and efficiently as possible? The answer is to…

IR Inspection Windows – See What You’ve Been Missing

An Infrared Inspection Window is a window that is used to separate environments of differing pressures or temperatures while allowing light energy at a specified electromagnetic wavelength to pass between the two environments. Source: IR/INFO.ORG…

Radar Technology Pioneer Merrill Skolnik Dies at 94

Radar Technology Pioneer Merrill Skolnik Dies at 94

Merrill SkolnikFirst recipient of the IEEE Dennis J. Picard MedalLife Fellow, 94; died 27 January
Skolnik served as superintendent of the radar division of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., for more than 30 years. While there, he made significant contributions including helping to develop high-frequency, over-the-horizon radar; a system that can identify friend or foe during combat; and high-resolution radar techniques.
For his work in the field, he was named the first recipient of the IEEE Dennis J. Picard Medal…

Nature-based carbon removal can help protect us from a warming planet

A new study finds that temporary nature-based carbon removal can lower global peak warming levels but only if complemented by ambitious fossil fuel emission reductions. Source: Science Daily – Climate…

Understanding Pressure Calibrator Accuracy Specifications

  Comparing the accuracy specifications of pressure calibrators can be a challenging task because different manufacturers specify accuracy in different ways. This means that you can’t simply compare the numbers given in the specification – you need to understand how these numbers are calculated and what they mean in practice. In this blog post, I look at the different ways pressure calibrator accuracy specifications are presented, explain what they mean, and compare them, as well as take a brief look…

Conversion process turns pollution into cash

Engineers have developed a promising electrochemical system to convert emissions from chemical and power plants into useful products while addressing climate change. Source: Science Daily – Climate…

AI Could Help Increase the IVF Success Rate

AI Could Help Increase the IVF Success Rate

More than 8 million people have been born worldwide with the help of in vitro fertilization since 1978. In IVF, an egg is fertilized by sperm in the lab; the resulting clump of cells is transferred into a patient’s uterus.Although IVF techniques have advanced significantly in recent decades, the average success rate is still fairly low: around 45 percent. The percentage steadily declines as women age; a 40-year-old woman has a likely success rate of about 12 percent, according to Pregnancy…

Stories of the War in Ukraine: Volodymyr

Stories of the War in Ukraine: Volodymyr

Over the past week, The Institute has made contact with some of the 400 members of the IEEE Ukraine Section to help them share their experiences during the war. This personal account was written by Volodymyr Pyliavskyi, a senior researcher at the Odessa National Telecommunications Academy in Odessa, Ukraine. “For so long I was planning to take part in IEEE conferences but due to what is happening I can’t,” Pyliavskyi told The Institute. “I am forced to to hide in the…

U.S. fires four times larger, three times more frequent since 2000

Fires have gotten larger, more frequent and more widespread across the United States since 2000, according to a new article. The research shows that large fires have not only become more common, they are also spreading into new areas, impacting land that previously did not burn. Source: Science Daily – Climate…